Kern River among top 10 “most endangered rivers” in the country

April 18, 2022
by Lois Henry
The Kern River is dry for most of its path through Bakersfield. CREDIT: Lois Henry
Lois Henry


1995: North Kern Water Storage District sues Kern Delta Water District claiming it wasn’t using all its Kern River water.

1999 – 2007: Series of superior and appellate court decisions result in Kern Delta forfeiting some water. Courts decline to say how much water and who should get it, deferring to the State Water Resources Control Board.

2007 – 2010: Several entities file applications for the forfeited water including the City of Bakersfield, North Kern together with the City of Shafter, Buena Vista Water Storage District, Kern Water Bank and Kern County Water Agency. Rosedale-Rio Bravo Water Storage District files an application for high-flow water, or river water that is considered in excess of existing rights.

2010: Water Board rescinds the Kern River’s status as “fully appropriated,” based on its finding that high-flow water had not been used by existing rights holders and had left the county. It doesn’t say how much high-flow water is available, nor who should get it. It also says it will determine how much forfeited water, if any, is available and who should get that water when it works through the water applications.

2021: The Water Board’s Administrative Hearing Division begins holding hearings on the Kern River. The hearing officer separates the forfeited and high-flow water issues. It tackles the forfeited water first. Hearings in December consider if the forfeiture resulted in any water that could be claimed by a new applicant and, if so, how much. That decision is pending.

2022: Hearings to determine where there is available high-flow water, how much and who should get it are scheduled for May.

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The lower Kern River earned the dubious distinction of being named one of the country’s 10 “most endangered rivers,” according to American Rivers, a national environmental group that has highlighted rivers suffering pollution and other threats for the past 36 years.

The group listed “excessive water withdrawls” as the main threat to the lower Kern, which is dry in all but the biggest water years as it cuts through the heart of Bakersfield.

“We wish the Kern didn’t merit listing as an endangered river,” wrote Tim McNeely, with local group Bring Back the Kern, in an email. “But since it faces an ongoing existential threat, we are excited that now the river is getting the national attention it deserves.

“Decision-makers and Kern River water users should now feel the eyes of millions of Americans on them, adding pressure to fix our broken and endangered river.”

The Kern River was No. 7 on the list this year, which was topped by the Colorado River, described as “ground zero for the climate crisis as water levels plummet threatening the lifeblood of 30 federally recognized Tribal Nations, seven states and Mexico,” according to an American Rivers press release

“What’s remarkable is that (the Kern) still qualifies as a river,” said Adam Keats, an attorney who is representing several public interest groups, including Bring Back the Kern, at hearings by the State Water Resources Control Board to determine whether there is water available on the river and, if so, who should get it.

Keats praised the endangered designation for bringing attention to the importance of protecting the Kern and credited Bring Back the Kern with raising awareness about the river.

“This is all organic. It’s not driven by outside groups,” Keats said. “It’s tremendous to have the Kern River highlighted on this list, which so many rivers in the country, sadly, are also deserving of.”

He hoped funders would follow the designation to help locals in their quest to have water flowing in the river through town on a more regular basis.

Though Mark Mulkay, Kern River Watermaster, didn’t agree that the Kern is “endangered,” he said he looked forward to learning more about American Rivers, what this designation means and understanding the group’s point of view.

This isn’t the first time the Kern River has made the endangered list, according to the American Rivers press release.

It was also spotlighted in 1986, 1990 and 1998 because of proposed dams.

American Rivers chooses rivers based on several factors including the magnitude of the threat, the significance of the river to the environment and its surrounding community and whether the river is at a “crossroads,” where key decisions are approaching in the next 12 months that the public has an opportunity to influence, according to its website.

The biggest issue looming on the Kern River is the second half of a set of hearings to determine if water is available either through a forfeiture or that may occur in flood years.

In 2007, a court found that the Kern Delta Water District had forfeited some river water for lack of use, but the court didn’t say how much nor who should get that water.

That decision was left to the state Water Board, which found in 2010 that the river was no longer fully appropriated because some flood waters were making their way into the California Aqueduct in high flow years.

It said that when it determined what to do with that flood water, it would also sort through applications for the forfeited water. There have been six applications for the two “pots” of water — forfeited and flood water. Applicants include, the City of Bakersfield; North Kern Water Storage District along with the City of Shafter; Kern County Water Agency, Buena Vista Water Storage District; Kern Water Bank; and Rosedale-Rio Bravo Water Storage District.

Bakersfield, which is seeking the forfeited water, has pledged to run the water down the river bed.

More than a decade after the Water’ Board’s finding that the Kern was no longer fully appropriated, it  Administrative Hearing arm finally took up the issue last year.

Several hearings on the forfeited water were held in late 2021. Hearings on the high-flow water are scheduled to begin May 2.

It’s difficult to see how the public may influence that process as the Administrative Hearing Officer ruled that “public trust” issues would not be hashed out during either set of hearings and would only come to bear after she rules on the basic issues of whether there is water available and, if so, how much.

Public trust refers to the fact that California owns all natural resources, including water, “in trust” for the public and must manage those resources for the highest beneficial use. In the past, agriculture and industry have been considered the highest beneficial use. But that sentiment has changed over the decades to include the environment and the ability for people to simply have a flowing river.

Keats has argued the hearing process is completely backwards.

“Public trust should have been determined first,” he said. “If it’s determined that water needs to flow down the river, then these agricultural water districts’ claims are mooted.”

Because this is an administrative hearing, however, the ruling is subject to oversight by the Water Board and that’s where the public may have more sway.

In fact, back in January, during an appeal of a finding by the hearing officer, at least one board member made her sympathies known.

“Frankly, in my mind, (water flows) are necessary in this river,” Board Member Laurel Firestone said  during the board’s Jan. 19 meeting.

SJV Water is an independent, nonprofit news site dedicated to covering water in the San Joaquin Valley. Get inside access to SJV Water by becoming a member.


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