Two Kern River power plants up for new licenses – and greater scrutiny

August 3, 2023
by Lois Henry
Southern California Edison's Kern River 1 power plant in April 2022. Michael Fugitt / SJV Water
Lois Henry

How to get involved

The Kern Fly Fishers and Kern River Boaters are seeking interested residents to learn more about the two Southern California Edison power plants and their impacts on the river.

Kern River Boaters has created a website with more information at:

Interested residents may also contact Jim Ahrens, president of Kern River Fly Fishers, at

The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission is taking comments on the power plant relicensing applications through its website at

The site is not easy to navigate.

Residents interested in learning more about the projects in order to  make comments will need the docket number of each license application. 

The KR3 docket number is P-2290. 

The KR1 docket number is P-1930. 

Go to FERC’s “eLibrary” page (  to enter each docket number for a full rundown on the history and documents filed on each project so far as well as the schedule for comments, hearings and meetings.

Southern California Edison also has information on its site at

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Boaters and anglers who’ve long complained about the impacts of two power plants on Kern River flows, want federal regulators to give more water back to the river as part of separate relicensing procedures now underway.

“Our main issue is continual flows,” said Jim Ahrens, president of the Kern Fly Fishers club. “To have a fishery, you need water flow.”

Ahrens noted these licenses dictate how the plants will be operated for the next 30 or more years, so it’s important for the public to have a say.

Both plants are owned by Southern California Edison. One is above Kernville, called Kern River 3 (KR3). The other is about two miles inside the mouth of the Kern River Canyon, called Kern River 1 (KR1).

Southern California Edison takes water from behind the Fairview Dam near McNally’s and pipes it 16 miles downriver to KR3. It takes water from behind the Democrat Dam into pipes for 14 miles before dropping it into KR1.

In both cases, river advocates say, Edison is allowed to take far too much out of the river, which is especially problematic during the watershed’s more frequent dry periods.

“Half the time, there is more water in the pipes of KR3 than in the bypassed river,” wrote Kern River Boaters co-founder Brett Duxbury in a letter to a newspaper.

Further down river, the KR1 plant has diverted so much water, the river was left with only 15 cubic feet per second for fish flows during the recent drought, Duxbury wrote in comments on KR1’s relicensing application. 

“It looked more like a rock quarry than a river,” he wrote.

Ahrens and Duxbury also questioned the cost-benefit of both power plants. How much energy does each plant generate, Ahrens asked?

In the case of KR3 above Kernville, power production typically occurs during spring runoff season when the river has enough water to run the plant and maintain legally required minimum fish flows.

When at full capacity, KR3 can generate up to 40.2 megawatts, according to a Southern California Edison spokeswoman in a previous interview. But, she noted, its operation is subject to the river’s notoriously mercurial flows.

According to Duxbury, the plant averages 12 megawatts, or .037% of the state’s total electricity generation.

Southern California Edison representatives said at a recent scoping meeting on what should be studied as part of the company’s relicensing application that KR1 and KR3 are both considered “medium” sized plants in terms of power generation. They added that KR1 generates more than 26 megawatts, or enough to power 26,000 homes.

“But how big are these plants in Edison’s overall portfolio?” Ahrens asked. “I don’t think they really answered that question and we will be pressing them on that.”

Does the power benefit outweigh the damage to the river, Ahrens wanted to know?

He noted that in 2001, Southern California Edison “flushed” 272,000 cubic yards of silt that had built up behind Democrat Dam into the river below. It smothered the river, snuffing out the bass fishery.

The glut of gunk was so massive, it took seven years to move through the river, one of Southern California Edison’s consultants said, according to a 2013 article in The Bakersfield Californian.

The utility was required to come up with a sediment management plan. But that plan, apparently, has allowed it to dump between 3,000 and 20,000 cubic yards into the river. Which it did in 2007, 2009, 2011, 2012 and 2013, when The Bakersfield Californian did a story with photos showing a thick shelf of silt clinging to boulders two feet above receding flows.

“Make Edison haul their sediment away, provide radically increased minimum flows, and order Edison to reestablish a viable fishery,” Duxbury urged in his comments on the proposed relicensing.

The relicensing process has just started for KR1. 

The KR3 process is a little further along with several studies already underway.

The public still has time to get involved. In fact, Southern California Edison is seeking greater input on recreational use upriver from the KR3 plant.

SJV Water is an independent, nonprofit news site dedicated to covering water in the San Joaquin Valley. Get inside access to SJV Water by becoming a member.


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